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March 1, 2018

The airlock or or bubbler is one of the more important contraptions that a winemaker has in the cellar.  This simple little device comes in several different styles with the most popular being the twin bubble and the cup in cup design.  Both are very effective at allowing gasses out of the wine and creating an air tight seal (though I prefer the twin bubble for reasons I'll explain in a later post).  Tradit...

February 22, 2018

Carboys come in many sizes, but all of them have generally the same shape and features, including a small neck.  The small neck of the carboy may make them difficult to clean but it has one huge benefit.  Small surface area.  Six gallons of wine in a more traditional vessel, like a bucket will have a surface area of over 100 square inches, which is exposed any gas that happens to be in your carboy.  Another six gallons of wine...

February 17, 2018

Often times new winemakers reach for bleach when cleaning or sanitizing their wine equipment.  Chlorine based bleaches are very effective at eliminating microbes and bacteria, but that is not the issue.  Chlorine is one of the two key contributors to the creation of 2,4,6-trichloroanisole (TCA), which is a major wine fault.  When a wine has TCA present beyond the sensory threshold, it is referred to as "corked" and will give o...

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September 27, 2019

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